Software development is one of the biggest industries in the world today. The global market is worth almost $3.8 trillion and growing day by day. This growth is fuelled by increased integration of softwares in every aspect of human lives today. From business to homes, leisure activities to travel, there is a software working behind the scenes to make the process simple and hassle-free.
The .Net framework is a platform in the long list of software development tools that have been designed to cater to the demand from customers. It is powered by Microsoft and helps developers create a wide variety of applications to serve an extensive range of purposes. Here we discuss some of the major elements of this framework.
What is .NET?
It is a software development platform by Microsoft. The purpose of the framework was to develop softwares primarily for the Windows platform. It has come a long way since 2002 when the company came out with the first version of the software. The latest update was labeled 4.7.1 and it is quite different from the initial software. Over the years, Microsoft has introduced a number of features to the tool making it an effective platform for developing cross-platform applications and softwares.
Features of .NET
There are a number of principal design features that describe what the platform allows developers to do. These features include:
- Security: One of the biggest concerns in the modern age is tackled quite effectively by the team at Microsoft. The programs on .NET framework are based on a common security model which provides enhanced protection against cyber attacks
- Framework Class Library: .NET framework has an extensive set of standard class libraries which allows developers to avoid repeating the task of writing similar codes again and again. There are libraries available with methods to deal with common things like writing text to a file or reading text from it. The methods are present in one of two categories, i.e. the System or Microsoft namespaces
- Interoperability: Probably one of the most important features for a platform to have these days. The .NET framework allows softwares and applications developed on it to remain functional in programs outside .NET
- Independence of Language: The common language infrastructure specifications make it possible for data to be exchanged between two different platforms that have been developed in different languages
.NET Framework Architecture
The basic framework of the platform includes three things; the language, library and Common Language Runtime or CLR. The languages include WinForms, ADO.Net and ASP.Net. The libraries have been discussed in the previous section. The Common Language Infrastructure or CLI is the platform on which .NET programs are executed. All these elements come together to allow developers the freedom to build all kinds of applications in one place.
.NET is a cross-platform, open source developer tool that allows professionals to develop applications for a variety of platforms and purposes. It provides them with the ability to use multiple languages, editors and libraries to create apps and softwares for gaming, the Internet of Things, mobile and desktop etc.